[Solved] Drupal cannot upload large files

Submitted by sysop on Sun, 08/27/2023 - 17:54

[Solved] Drupal cannot upload large files - 502 Gateway timeout

Drupal is a popular, open-source content management system (CMS) that allows users to build and manage dynamic websites, web applications, and online content. It provides a flexible and robust framework for creating websites with customizable features and functionalities.

  1. Setup:We have the following setup. On front we have AWS ALB and on the backend we have nginx and php-fpm services running inside the containers. Also, on another container we have php container where we have drupal sites.
  2. Issue: We recently had an issue while uploading the large audio files to a Drupal site. Uploading the files upto 35MB worked but the size greater than that did not work.
  3. Things we tried: We tried to investigate the issue by setting higher upload, timeout and memory limits on both nginx and php-fpm configurations.
  4. Error we got: Nothing in nginx and php-fpm logs. But on the chrome console we got the below error.
    POST http://sitename/admin/add/test?element_parents=formfile&ajax_form=1&_wrapper_format=drupal_ajax&_wrapper_format=drupal_ajax HTTP/1.1" 400
  5. Nginx configurations we had:
        client_max_body_size 200M;
        client_body_buffer_size 200M;
        types_hash_max_size 2048;
        client_header_buffer_size 4k;
        large_client_header_buffers 4 16k;
        ## Needed for the PCI
        server_tokens off;
        ## This is for the configuration files. Nginx will tell you when it needs this increased.
        server_names_hash_bucket_size 512
  6. Troubleshooting:
    After wasting our time for 2 days, we were finally got the breakthrough. The culprit was the client_body_buffer_size setting. It was set to 200MB.
  7. Explanation:
    Basically, the buffer was too big and nginx was not able to allocate so much memory for keeping the file inside it. We had to lower the buffer to a normal value, so that file is buffered to a temp file during upload and things worked as expected from thereon.
  8. Conclusion:
    And thus "Nginx cannot upload large files - 502 Gateway timeout" was solved by setting the client_body_buffer_size value to 128K.

    Hope this documentation helps!!!!

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